Results Interpretation Glossary

Pre-Participation Screening

Medical Clearance Recommendations

Term Explanation
Medical clearance not necessary (Green) Moderate to vigorous intensity exercise recommended.
Medical clearance not necessary (Orange) Light to moderate intensity exercise recommended.
Medical clearance for moderate intensity exercises not necessary (Orange) Medical clearance recommended before engaging in vigorous intensity exercise.
Medical clearance recommended (Red) Medical clearance recommended before participating in light to moderate intensity exercise.
Medical clearance recommended (Red) Stop physical activity and consult a doctor before continuing exercise.

Signs And Symptoms

Term Explanation
Chest discomfort with exertion (Experience pain and tightness in the chest) Constricting, squeezing or burning sensations which are common symptoms of reduced blood supply to the heart due to narrowed heart arteries. If unsure, consult your doctor.
Unreasonable breathlessness Shortness of breath felt at rest or during activities where breathlessness is unusual or unexpected. (E.g. Walking up a flight of stairs or for a short distance)

This indicates a possible presence of cardiopulmonary disorder, in particular left ventricular dysfunction or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Dizziness, fainting or blackouts Repeated episodes (not an one-off incident) of dizziness and in particular (loss of consciousness) during exercise might result from heart related disorders that prevent the normal rise of cardiac output – the amount of blood pumped by the heart per minute.
Ankle swelling Swelling around the ankle region caused by fluid retention which can be a sign of heart, liver or kidney disease. This is not due to injury, sprained ankle, gout or pregnancy.
Unpleasant awareness of forceful rapid or irregular heart rate Rapid heart rate not due to exercise; irregular heart rate at rest or during physical activity.
Burning or cramping in your lower legs when walking short distances This is not due to long hours of walking and the sensations will normally disappear within 1 to 2 minutes.

Calculation For Maximum Heart Rate

Term Explanation
Formula 220 - Age = Maximum Heart Rate
(Note: if you are on blood pressure lowering medication, please do not use the maximum heart rate formula)

Intensity Levels

Term Explanation
Subjective measures Light intensity:
can talk and sing

Moderate intensity:
can talk but can't sing

Vigorous intensity:
have difficulty talking
Training heart rate zone recommendation Light intensity:
Less than 64% heart rate max

Moderate intensity:
64-76% of heart rate max

Vigorous intensity:
77-95% of heart rate max
My recommended heart rate zone calculation Enter your age in the blue box to activate the calculator. To reset the values, refresh the website.
Physical activity and exercise examples Light intensity: walking slowly, washing dishes, fishing
Moderate intensity: brisk walking, sweeping, mopping,  recreational sports
Vigorous intensity: jogging, running, basketball or football game, carrying heavy loads


Body Composition Analysis

Term Explanation
Minerals (Bone Mass) Large quantity of calcified tissue which makes the skeleton
Fat Free Mass The sum of soft lean mass and the mineral mass
Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) Mass of muscles that are attached to the skeleton. For individuals with low skeletal muscle mass (SMM), you may consider performing strength training exercises at least 2 times a week.
Body Fat Mass Amount of fat inside our body

Obesity Analysis

Term Explanation
Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculation: Weight (kg) / Height(m)sq
Below 18.4: Underweight
18.5-22.9: Healthy
23-27.4: Mildly overweight
Above 27.5: Very overweight, obese
Percentage Body Fat (PBF) Normal range for male is 10% - 22% and female is 20% - 32%. Please refer to table for range specific to age:
Calculation for Percentage Body Fat Fat Mass / Body Weight x 100%

Segmental Lean Analysis

Term Explanation
Right Arm
Left Arm
Trunk Arm
Right Leg
Left Leg
Segmental analysis allows one to observe the change in lean mass and fat in the various parts of the body. When a person observes weight changes between BIA assessments, the difference is shown from the skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and body fat mass (BFM) results.

InBody Score
(Note: This score is in reference to assessments taken at Active Health Labs)

Term Explanation
Range of Points The total score reflects the evaluation of body composition. A muscular person may score over 100 points.

100 points is the ideal score for the body based on max. muscle mass and min. fat.

Score grading:
Edema: Consult your doctor immediately
Below 50: Unhealthy
50 - 59: Fair
60 - 69: Average
70 - 79: Good
80 - 89: Very good
90 - 100: Excellent
Edema Swelling of part of the body caused by accumulation of excessive fluid due to chronic diseases and body disorders.
Normal range: 0.36 - 0.40

Visceral Fat

Term Explanation
Visceral Fat Body fat that is stored within the abdominal cavity and is therefore stored around a number of important internal organs such as liver, pancreas and intestines.

Storing higher amounts of visceral fat is associated with increased risks of a number of health problems including heart disease, Type 2 diabetes and some forms of cancers.
Visceral Fat Area It tells how much of a body fat is surrounding in visceral area, internal organs in the abdominal region.
❮100cm sq - Healthy

100 ~ 150cm sq - Moderate risk for Type 2 Diabetes and Heart Disease

Extremely over:
❯150cm sq - High risk for Type 2 Diabetes and Heart Disease

Weight Control

Term Explanation
Target Weight Ideal weight for your age and weight
Fat Control Amount of kilogram of fat you need to gain or lose to attain an ideal result
Muscle Control Amount in kilogram of muscle you need to gain or lose to attain an ideal result


Term Explanation
Body Composition History To track your progress from the beginning of your Active Health Journey till date.
Extracellular Water (ECW) Ratio Ratio between extracellular water / fluid & total body water/fluid:
0.36 to 0.40 : Normal range
Below 0.36 : Dehydrated
Above 0.40